The Oil and Capital magazine published a column by Alexey Gromov, Principal Director on Energy Studies at the Institute for Energy and Finance, on the topic: “The case of “Sokhanovka”: what consequences can restrictions on the Russian gas transit to the EU through Ukraine lead to?”
On May 10, Ukraine officially notified Gazprom that it was ceasing to receive Russian gas at the gas measuring station (GIS) Sokhranivka (the entry point to Ukraine from Russia of the Soyuz gas pipeline). Thus, for Russian gas, in fact, there is only one transit route for deliveries to the EU through Sudzha in the Kursk region.
Two days later, Russia imposed blocking sanctions against a number of foreign companies, in particular against EuRoPol GAZ, which owns part of the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline, which made it impossible for Gazprom to use this gas pipeline to supply Russian gas to the EU.
Thus, in three days, Gazprom has sharply reduced the number of possible routes for the supply of Russian pipeline gas to the EU countries. In fact, today Russian gas can be supplied to the EU either via Nord Stream-1, or through the Urengoy-Pomary-Uzhgorod gas pipeline passing through Ukraine with a single entry point to the Sudzha GIS, or via the second branch of TurkStream.
Such a change in the possible configuration of Russian gas supplies to the EU could have the most serious consequences for the further gas supply to European countries. Let's see why.
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